Although the sun is good, but ultraviolet rays make people old. You may know that excessive exposure to ultraviolet light will accelerate skin aging, but you may not know that excessive ultraviolet exposure can also increase the risk of some eye diseases.
Pterygium is a pink fleshy triangular tissue that grows on the cornea, which can seriously affect vision. It has been found that pterygium is more common in people who spend a long time outdoors, such as surfers, ski lovers, fishermen and farmers.
In addition, excessive UV exposure will also increase the risk of cataracts and eye cancer. Although these diseases are a long process, once they occur, which will seriously endanger the health of the eyes.
Mostly, we will choose to wear sunglasses because the sun is dazzling, but more importantly: wearing sunglasses in the sun not only makes us not feel dazzling, it can also reduce the damage of ultraviolet rays to the eyes.
Many of us adults have the habit of wearing sunglasses. Do children need to wear sunglasses?
In fact, whenever I see trendy moms wearing sunglasses beautifully, but leaving the babies with their big innocent eyes unprotected and exposed to the sun, I feel extremely distressed.
The American Optometric Association (AOA) once said: Sunglasses are a necessity for people of any age, because children's eyes have better permeability than adults, and ultraviolet rays can reach the retina more easily, so sunglasses are very important to them.
So it's not that children can't wear sunglasses, but they need to wear sunglasses more than adults.
Soon after my own baby was born, I paid great attention to protecting her eye health. When I usually take my children out, both adults and children must wear sunglasses at the same time. In addition to protecting the eyes, all kinds of admiration with"So cute!" and "So cool!" are coming. The child is healthy and happy. Why not do it?
How to choose sunglasses for children? We can refer to the following matters:
- UV blocking rate
Choose glasses that block 100% of UVA and UVB rays in order to block ultraviolet rays to the maximum. When buying children's sunglasses, please choose a regular manufacturer and pay attention to whether the UV protection percentage on the manual is 100%.
- Lens color
The UV resistance of sunglasses has nothing to do with the color of the lens. As long as the lens can block 100% of the sun's ultraviolet rays, you can choose the lens color according to your child's preference. However, current studies have shown that long-term exposure to high-energy visible light, also known as "blue light", may also cause eye damage. Therefore, when choosing lens colors, you can consider choosing amber or brass lenses to block blue light.
- Lens size
Sunglasses with large lenses, in addition to protecting the eyes, can also provide protection for the eyelids and the skin around the eyes, so it is best to choose sunglasses with larger lenses.
- Lens material and frame
Because children are lively and active, their sunglasses should meet the sports standard, and safer resin lenses should be chosen instead of glass lenses. The frame should be flexible and easy to bend to ensure that the glasses fit the face tightly.
- About elastic band
Since it takes time for babies to get used to wearing sunglasses, the elastic band helps keep the sunglasses fit on their faces and prevents them from constantly removing the sunglasses out of curiosity. If you can, please choose the kind of mirror frame that can be replaced between the temple and the elastic band, so that when the babies grow up and no longer pull the sunglasses down, they can be replaced with the temples.
- Children with refractive problems
Children who wear near-sighted or hyperopic glasses can choose to wear color-changing lenses. These lenses look the same as ordinary glasses indoors, but will automatically darken in the sun to provide protection for the children’s eyes.
In terms of style, for older children, it is best for them to choose the style they like, because they may not like the style that the parents choose. Respect for their choice will make them more willing to wear sunglasses.
At the same time, it should be reminded that the sun’s damage to the eyes does not only occur on sunny days in spring and summer, but also on cloudy days in autumn and winter, because sunlight can pass through haze and thin clouds, so whenever you are outdoors, just remember to wear anti-UV sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat.
Finally, we also need to know that it is better to teach by example. Parents wear sunglasses when they go out, which not only protects themselves, but also sets a good example for children, guiding them to develop a good habit of wearing sunglasses to protect their eyes. So, when you take your children to wear parent-child outfits, you can wear beautiful sunglasses together.