What is cough?
Coughing is a protective reflex of the body, and its role is to remove secretions, exudates, and foreign bodies invading the respiratory tract.
Why does baby cough easily
The baby's larynx, trachea, and bronchi are particularly sensitive to foreign bodies, irritating gases, and other stimuli, which can easily cause coughing; the baby's larynx, trachea, and bronchial lumens are relatively narrow and lack an effective cough reflex, coughing power is weak, and coughing often comes with vomiting.
When the baby coughs frequently, causes vomiting, and affects sleep and eating, we need to bring him to seek medical treatment in time.
The distinction between an acute cough and chronic cough
According to the length of the disease, children's coughs are divided into acute cough (with a course of fewer than 2 weeks), a persistent cough (with a course of 2-4 weeks), and chronic cough (with a course of more than 4 weeks). In the face of coughing, parents must be patient and don't think about any magical medicine, which can help the baby stop coughing as soon as he takes it.
Common causes of cough
There are too many diseases that can cause coughing symptoms. Let me give you a list:
Upper respiratory tract infections such as sinusitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis, etc.;
Trachea and bronchial diseases such as acute bronchitis, asthmatic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, cough variant asthma, etc.;
Lung diseases such as various viral pneumonia, bacterial pneumonia, mycoplasma pneumonia, tuberculosis;
There are also other diseases caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease, psychogenic cough, and cough caused by inhalation of foreign body or inhalation of irritating gas, etc.;
So in the face of a cough, it is not enough to drink a few bowls of pear soup.
Parents should observe the performance and accompanying symptoms of cough
A cough is a manifestation of the disease, sometimes the only manifestation. It may also be accompanied by fever, chest pain, wheezing, hemoptysis, cough with jam-colored sputum, vomiting, dyspnea, and other symptoms. Parents need to pay attention to observation and inform the doctor accurately when visiting a doctor. It is helpful for the doctor to make a further judgment on the condition.
- Dry cough
No sputum or very little sputum. It can be a single cough or paroxysmal cough. It is more common in the early stages of respiratory infections, such as pharyngitis and laryngitis. The upper respiratory tract mucosa is suddenly stimulated by foreign bodies or irritating gases. External auditory canal eczema, foreign bodies, cerumen, and other irritation can also produce irritating cough. Too much cover for babies can also cause dry cough during sleep.
- Wet cough
Wet cough depends on whether the sputum can be coughed up. If it can be coughed up, pay attention to observe the color, character, amount of sputum, whether it is purulent or bloody, and whether it has a special smell.
Related treatment of baby cough
Identify the cause and give corresponding treatment.
Cough, when you don’t have a tissue, cover your nose and mouth with your elbow or shoulder. Let more people know so that we can all be protected from infection by germs.
- When coughing, don’t use antitussives casually
The mild cough does not require antitussive treatment, especially when there is sputum, the use of antitussive alone is not conducive to the discharge of respiratory secretions.
Persistent dry cough affects children’s sleep. Antitussive drugs can be considered when necessary. However, central antitussive drugs are generally not recommended for children under 6 years old. Children over 6 years old can choose dextromethorphan for antitussive (the pharmacopoeia says 2 years old). The above doses can only be used under the guidance of a doctor when they think it is necessary to use the medicine); antitussive drugs containing codeine are prohibited for children under 12 years of age.
- What expectorants can be used for coughing?
When coughing and sputum, expectorant drugs can be used to facilitate the discharge of sputum.
- Do I need antibiotics for coughing?
It is not necessary to use antibiotics. Cough is divided into an infectious cough and non-infectious cough.
In infectious cough, if it is caused by a bacterial infection, such as bacterial pneumonia, lung abscess, etc., antibiotics are required.
If it is a non-infectious cough such as cough variant asthma, allergic cough, and cough caused by a viral infection, such as a cold, do not use antibiotics. Antibiotics also have no antitussive effect.
- Is honey useful for coughing?
Some studies have shown that honey may have some effect on coughing, but it can only be used for children over 1 year old. Babies under 1 year old cannot consume honey because of the risk of botulism.
- Is atomization useful for coughing?
Atomization therapy is a common method in the treatment of children's respiratory diseases. Many respiratory diseases such as asthma, acute laryngitis, bronchitis, bronchial pneumonia, etc. can be used. Doctors will choose different drugs for atomization inhalation according to different diseases.
Inhaled hormones are commonly used. Compared with oral drugs, atomized inhaled drugs directly act on the airway and have a significant effect. Therefore, atomized inhalation is an important auxiliary treatment measure for respiratory diseases.
Many parents are worried about the side effects of inhaled hormones, but they don't need to worry too much, because inhaled hormones generally do not cause serious systemic adverse reactions.
- What should I do if my child coughs and vomits?
For vomiting caused by severe coughing, please reduce the amount of feeding each time, but increase the number of feedings; when the baby vomits, the head should be tilted to one side to facilitate the discharge of the vomit and prevent the vomit from entering the airway and cause aspiration.
- Prevent your baby from coughing? What should parents pay attention to?
- Promote breastfeeding, especially exclusive breastfeeding within 6 months of birth;
- Reasonably add supplementary food and vaccinate according to plan;
- Appropriate outdoor activities to enhance physical fitness, but avoid going to crowded places with no air circulation;
- Wash children's hands frequently, keep the home clean, and pay attention to ventilation;
- In the dry season, consider using a humidifier;
- Don't smoke at home, avoid children inhaling second-hand smoke;
- For coughs caused by allergies, try to avoid children's allergies;
- Regardless of the cause of cough, it is a good suggestion to consume more fluids.
Note: Babies under 2 months of cough must go to see a doctor. Don't waste time checking information online.
For older infants and young children, when coughing is accompanied by: difficulty breathing, wheezing, fever, skin bruising or foreign body inhalation, etc., and any situation that you are uncertain and feel very wrong, it is recommended to seek medical treatment in time.