Some parents often make the doubt that my child is always sick with fever because of cold, whether the child’s immunity is too weak? Then they are always thinking about supplementing the child with nutrients to regulate the immune function.
There are also some children who do not catch a cold once a year. Parents think that their children’s immunity is very good; however, some parents worry that if the child never gets a minor illness, there may be a potential risk of serious illness, they will rest assured only after taking the child to have a check and find any minor problems.
In order to remove the anxious from parents, below conclusion is for your reference:
As long as the children grow and develop normally, no matter they have a cold and fever 6-8 times a year, or if they don’t have a cold and fever once for several years, their immune functions are all good without the immunodeficiency disease, also no serious illness will happen. So please don’t worry!
If my child is constantly sick, whether the immunity is weak?
Yes, the child is constantly sick means "weak immunity", but this weakness is normally relative to their age.
After the baby is born, their immune system is mature, that is to say, the immune organs and immune cells that should be available are quite mature. But because of its inexperience, its function is still not enough.
This is like the difference between the recruits and the elite soldiers. Although they both have guns, their combat effectiveness cannot be compared at all.
For most children above 6 months of age, their antibodies passed from mothers through the placenta will gradually be consumed. Due to their own "weak immunity" and the expansion of the child's range of activities, they begin to face the external environment (viruses and bacteria) independently. Various infectious diseases will gradually appear. That is why are my kids always sick after 6 months of age.
The current study found that children under the age of 6 will have 6-8 colds per year averagely. The high incidence period of infection is from September to April of the following year, some can reach 1 time per month, and each time may last for 2 weeks.
Calculated in this way, a healthy child may be sick for half of the time in a year, but this is not abnormal, and it does not mean that the child’s immune system is weak or defective.
So what kind of situation suggests that the child's immune system is defective? If the child:
· Always get sick with poor growth and development;
· Every time the child get sick, who can't get better on his own, and need intravenous infusion or hospitalization;
· For each bacterial infection, antibiotics must be used for more than 2 months, and the effect is not good;
· Every time a child gets sick, it is a serious infection, such as meningitis and sepsis.
If your child does not have the above symptom, there is nothing to do with the immune deficiency.
As children grow up, the immune system is constantly baptized by various viruses and bacteria, and constantly produces corresponding antibodies. At about 10 years of age, their immunity will reach the adult level.
If the child is not sick, whether the immunity will be strong?
Some parents will say that my child never gets sick and his immune system is particularly good. In fact, this statement is not accurate. The child's immunity is normal. There are two reasons for never getting sick:
1. The child has not been exposed to pathogens
Infectious diseases in children are caused by pathogens invading the body. These pathogens include viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma and so on. If the child is not exposed to these pathogens, even if the child is immunodeficient, he will not get sick.
Some children have been kept at home by their parents, rarely connect with the external environment, and rarely reach out to other children. Their home is disinfected and sterilized every day so that they will not be infected with pathogens and not get sick.
But one problem with it is that after children grow up, they need to go to kindergarten or elementary school and will be exposed to the external environment. By that time, the children will get sick after being exposed to a lot of pathogens.
2. The immune system has gotten better after exercise
All children's immunity will be improved only after exercise, and no one will have a perfect immunity naturally.
Some children are often exposed to a small number of pathogenic stimuli, which do not reach the level of disease, but they will stimulate the immune system and produce corresponding antibodies.
In this way, even if you are exposed to a large amount of this pathogen in the future, the children will not show symptoms of the disease, that is why they do not get sick.
This kind of situation is very good. Everyone hopes that their children are like this. How to exercise the child's immunity will be discussed later.
There are also some parents who are afraid that if their children do not get minor illnesses all the time, the child’s immune system will not work either, and once they become ill, which will be seriously ill.
In fact, it is wrong. Even the child does not get a minor illness, their immune system is always working, and has handled the problems privately, that is you can not feel the symptoms of the disease.
It's feeling like that the current environment is very safe. It was our soldiers and police who dealt with the bad guys, so we are not get disturbed.
If the child grows well and does not catch a cold or fever after the normal contact with the external environment, it means that the child has good immunity and there is no need to worry about other problems!
What is the relationship between child’s immunity and illness?
It is a process of struggle between immunity and pathogens when getting an infectious disease. If the immunity is stronger than the pathogen, then there may be no manifestations of the disease, or will recover soon after the symptoms of the disease appear; if the amount of the pathogen is very large and the toxicity is relatively severe, the disease will be severe, lasting for a long time, and may need to go to the hospital for treatment.
So, it's not that if you have strong immunity, you won't get any disease, but if you have weak immunity, you will get the disease, which depends on the result of the confrontation between immunity and pathogen.
How does immunity work? When a pathogen invades the body, the immune system first recognizes the pathogen. After that, various antibodies will be produced, combined with various immune cells, to eliminate the pathogen.
In addition, memory cells will also be produced. When the same pathogen enters the body next time, the corresponding antibodies will be produced immediately, and the pathogen will be eliminated very quickly, and there will be no disease symptoms or the symptoms will be very mild and soon healed.
But what does it mean about, you will not get sick if you have a good immune system, you will get sick frequently if you have poor immunity?
For example, older children or adults don’t have many colds and fevers.
This is because when the young children were baptized by various pathogens, they have already produced various antibodies and memory cells. When they are infected with these pathogens again (in the same regions, the pathogens that are prevalent every year are basically the same), the pathogens are quickly eliminated, and there are basically no symptoms.
How to improve child's immunity?
Immunity can be improved through the following points:
1. A balanced diet and a reasonable combination of various nutrients provide raw materials for the construction of the immune system;
2. Proper exercise, but also pay attention not to make the child too tired. A proper exercise can adjust the proportion of protein and fat in the child's body, and better build the immune system;
3. Moderate exposure to pathogens, specifically, do not use disinfectants at home, and often take children out to get in touch with nature, so that a small dose of pathogens can stimulate the immune system to produce corresponding antibodies without getting sick;
4. Vaccination on time, which can stimulate the body to produce corresponding antibodies, but it will not cause disease;
5. Breastfeeding is recommended until 1 year old. If you can breastfeed afterward, it is better to be last until 2 years old. Breast milk is rich in antibodies, which can help children reduce infectious diseases.
In short, there are very few children with immunodeficiency. Although most of the toddlers always sick because of some colds and fevers, they are healthy. Don't worry, the children will grow up on their own.